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Acid-base chemistry is a fundamental concept in chemistry, and understanding it is crucial for success in both high school and university-level chemistry courses. 


Acids and bases have been explained by various definitions over the years. The most regarded ones are made by Arrhenius and Brønsted-Lowry. Acids and bases are labeled weak or strong based on the extent of ionization. Strong acids and strong bases ionize completely in an aqueous solution to generate very weak conjugate bases and very weak conjugate acids, respectively. Weak acids and bases ionize only partially in aqueous medium. To indicate the acid and base strength of a solution pH, which is a number usually between 0 and 14, pH meters or universal indicators are used. 


Titration is a volumetric analysis method used to find the concentration of acid or base. The solution of unknown concentration is called an analyte. This method can be applied utilizing various acid-base indicators or a pH meter. In the case of acid-base titrations with a pH meter, equivalence points are important. The equivalence point is the theoretical titration point where the mole number of the acid is equal to the mole number of the base. The equivalence point is found in the graph created with the values read from the pH meter. In the case of acid-base titrations with indicators, the endpoint should be close to the equivalence point. The Endpoint is reached when the indicator changes the color of the solution. 


The most recent advances in educational technology let VRLab Academy integrate virtual reality and the learning objectives of a physical laboratory to produce a series of state-of-the-art web-based serious video games for academic use. The basic principles of acid-base chemistry and titration methodology are implemented in the virtual laboratory setting. With VRLab Academy's expansive virtual reality chemistry laboratory experience, you can use titration methods to: 


  • • Identify the acid and determine its concentration [1]
  • • Predict and test the most suitable indicator for an acid [2]
  • • Design a buffer solution with a target pH [3]
  • • Investigate the buffering activity of household products


In the comfort of your home or anywhere you please, you can reach VRLab Academy  experiments combined empirical data and theoretical formulation to bring various virtual laboratory experiences. With Buffer Design experiment you can design  buffer and test its capacity, with Acid-Base Titration with a pH meter: The Identification of an Unknown Acid Solution experiment you can determine and compare end point and equivalence points, or with Acid-Base Titration with Indicators: The Acidity of Beverages experiment, you can find molar concentration of an unknown acidic solution. Book a demo meeting to explore this essential instrument and more with  VRLab Academy and enhance your science education with us.